Botswana Wildlife Safari, Wildlife Tours to Botswana, African Safari

Botswana Wildlife

Botswana is an exceptional African destination: an extraordinary amalgamation of desert and delta that draws a huge concentration of wildlife to its complex of wetlands in the winter and an amazing array of birdlife in the summer. safaris in Botswana is as well wild, pristine and expansive. Thirty-nine percent of the country is sheltered in some form or another, including almost the full northern third of the country, and its national parks and reserves offer a safe sanctuary for some 85 species of mammal and over 1075 species of bird.

Thanks to the Okavango and Chobe Rivers, nearly all Southern African species, including such rarities as puku, red lechwe, mountain reedbuck and sitatunga antelopes, are present in Moremi Game Reserve and Chobe National Park (particularly, the remote Linyanti Marshes). Other rare species in Botswana – but which are even more endangered elsewhere in Southern Africa – include wild dogs (also known as Cape hunting dogs), pangolins (anteaters) and aardvarks.

Rare among our feathered friends are wattled cranes, African skimmers and Cape Griffon vultures, which are sheltered in the Mannyelanong Game Reserve in Otse.

Normally, rhinos can only be spotted in the Mokolodi Nature Reserve near Gaborone, and Khama Rhino Sanctuary near Serowe. Rhinos have also now been rehabilitated to the Moremi Game Reserve.

Botswana safari Mammals

The chance of viewing an incredible array of animals at residence in some of Africa’s most un wasted environments is the chief reason for visiting Botswana for a good number of people. The Big Five – lion, leopard, elephant, black rhino and buffalo – along with a huge multiplicity of other less renowned but regularly impressive animals – antelopes, giraffe, zebras, wildebeest, red lechwe, puku and hippo – can be spotted in abundance in Botswana’s two main parks, Chobe National Park and Moremi Game Reserve.


Botswana’s dry lands are home to over 150 species of reptiles. These include 72 species of snakes, like the poisonous Mozambique spitting cobra, Egyptian cobra and black mamba. Although about 80% of snakes in Botswana are not venomous, watch out for the common and deadly puff adder. Tree snakes, known as boomslangs, are also common in the delta but generally don’t bother humans.

Lizards are in all places; the largest are leguaans (water monitors), docile creatures that get to over 2m in length. Smaller versions, savanna leguaans, inhabit small hills and drier areas. Also there in large numbers are geckos, chameleons and rock-plated lizards.

Even though Nile crocodiles are endangered elsewhere in Southern Africa, the Okavango Delta is full of them. You will listen rather than view them while gliding passed the channels in a mokoro (traditional dugout canoe). Frogs of every possible shape, size and colour are more charming; they jump from reeds to mokoro and back again, and give an echoing chorus all through the delta at night.

Insects Botswana tours

Botswana supports over 8000 species of insects and spiders. The greatest number of butterflies can be spotted along the Okavango Panhandle (the northwestern extension of the delta) and like African monarchs and citrus swallowtails. More insects of note include stick insects, expertly camouflaged with in the reeds of the Okavango Delta; large, scary however harmless button spiders; and sac spiders, which seem harmless, but are poisonous (though rarely fatal) and live mostly in rural homes. The delta is also habitat to grasshoppers, mopane worms, locusts, and mosquitoes and tsetse flies in increasing and potentially hazardous numbers.

Scorpions are not regular in the Kalahari; even if their sting is not fatal, it can be agonizing

Plants Holidays in Botswana

The Okavango Delta likes a riparian environment conquered by marsh grasses, water lilies, reeds and papyrus, and is dotted with well-vegetated islands thick with palms, acacias, leadwood and sausage trees. On the other extreme, the Kalahari is made up by all sorts of savanna, like bush savanna with acacia thorn trees, grass savanna and arid shrub savanna in the southwest.

Over than 2500 species of plants and 650 species of trees have been registered in Botswana. The country’s only deciduous mopane forests are in the north, where six forest reserves haven stands of commercial timber, in addition to both mongonga and marula trees. Also regular around Botswana are camel-thorn trees, which some animals find tasty and which the San use for firewood and medicinal purposes; and motlopi trees, also called shepherd’s tree, which have edible roots.