Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park

Africa’s first officially declared trans-border conservation area – the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park (KTP) on the border of South Africa and Botswana – was legitimately launched on May 12, 2000 by South African President Thabo Mbeki and Botswana President Festus Mogae. The Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park is positioned in Kgalagadi District approximately 865km southwest of Gaborone. safaris in Botswana

The joint land area of the KTP is approximately 38,000 km2 of which 28,400 km2 located in Botswana and 9,600 km2 in South Africa.

Transfrontier parks, border parks or transboundary conservation areas are conserved areas that overlap international boundaries. The Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park is such a conserved area in the southern Kalahari Desert. The southern Kalahari provides a more and more unusual phenomenon: a large ecosystem fairly free from human interference. The deficiency of man-made vacation barriers (except to the west and south of the Park) has given a conservation area large enough to preserve examples of two ecological processes that were once extensively in the savannahs and grasslands of Africa. The large scale wandering movements of wild ungulates; and predation by large mammalian carnivores. These processes are not easy to maintain apart from in the largest of areas, and their existence in the Kalahari makes the organization of special importance to conservation.

Additionally to this, the Kalahari has an exacting aesthetic appeal. The harsh, semi-arid environment has positioned adaptive demands on both fauna and flora that are of significant scientific interest. More other conservation areas have fascinated so many research projects. This research has exposed a widely changeable environment, determined by rainfall events, which differ widely in time and space, and give out a system that is not easy to predict and recognize without long-term study.

The importance of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park is that it is the first officially declared Transfrontier Park in Africa and it will confidently serve as a model for management in the 21st Century. The Government of Botswana is devoted to make the Transfrontier Park a victory. The Peace Parks Foundation (an NGO dedicated to promoting transfrontier parks in southern Africa) has acted a significant role in the growth of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and gives help for the creation of more transboundary conservation sites in the region.

To move to the park beginning from Botswana, travel from Gaborone on tarred road for approximately 550km until Tsabong in Kgalagadi District, beginning from Tsabong travel for approximately 310km on gravel road. This road is transferable by 4 x 2 vehicles in the period of the dry season and 4 x 4 vehicles throughout the wet season. The other route is to travel from Gaborone to Hukuntsi on tarred road for 530km then by approximately 171km of sand road, which is flexible by 4 x 4 vehicles only.